Sober Living, Halfway Homes & Recovery Residences
Sober living homes are group residences that recovering addicts can stay at to continue sobriety in a group setting. They go by many different names across the country (halfway homes, recovery residences, etc) and some differentiation does exist. Often, individuals will choose to stay in a sober living home while attending an outpatient program, or as a continuation of care after graduating from a primary residential treatment program.
Many recovery residences are privately owned and require tenants to contribute to the household. Most will have drug abstinence and or sobriety policies that are required to be maintained for the duration of residency.
Living conditions can range from single family residences with multiple rooms to apartment complexes or dorm style settings.
Often, on-site support and therapy takes place, though most inhabitants are encouraged to seek continual external treatment and support groups (AA, 12 step, etc).
The National Alliance for Recovery Residences defines a few different levels of recovery residences:
Level 1: Peer Run Recovery Residence
Level 1 residences are most similar to what we commonly call “sober living homes”. There is very little in the way of professional monitoring, and most are peer run and enforced. Many will require outside support group meeting attendance (12 step).
Level 2: Monitored Recovery Residence
Level 2 residences will have a minimal staff. Often, a senior member of the community or an independent manager will monitor progress within the residence.
Level 3: Supervised Recovery Residence
Level 3 residences have an increased level of structure and often utilize clinical components found in other rehab settings. This level is often a choice for those patients leaving a residential primary treatment center.
Level 4: Service Provider Recovery Residence
Level 4 residences are characterized by presence of professional, clinical programming. Managing entities are often licensed treatment providers and independent organizations with proper qualifications and credentials. A robust staff is often present.
Often, but not always, level 4 facilities are part of a network for continuum of care for a larger rehab institution that may run detox programs, primary treatment and recovery residences to assist patients through the entire sobriety process.