Despite the intimidating prospect of detox and/or a 30-day residential treatment stay, all those who have recovered from their opiate and opioid addiction have been better for it and value their decision to be free. This process can be harsher or milder depending on how long the addiction has gone on and other factors.
There are various types of treatment available to the recovering addict. Contacting a representative here at https://addictionresources.org can help you or a loved one to take the first step towards customized recovery program.
It is important to remember that detox and treatment facilities will have the medical, psychological and medicinal resources to make this transition to recovery a smooth and less stressful time and one that you will cherish as perhaps your largest exercise in willpower and determination. Your recovery program will be with your every step of the way to provide the support you need during this time.
Recovery programs are generally 30-90 days. Individual therapy, group therapy and other sessions will be devoted to addressing the psychological withdrawals from this addiction.
After detox and/or a 30 day residential program it is recommended the recovering addict attend an out-patient program to ensure a firm foundation during the 1st year of sobriety.
“There are several treatment and detox options for the removal of opioids from the body, and some may provide a more comprehensive model than others. Medical detox, for instance, encompasses both pharmacological and psychological treatment methodologies while under close supervision of both medical and mental health specialists in a safe and comforting residential setting, while standard detox may be performed in an outpatient basis.Opiate withdrawal symptoms can be very uncomfortable, and medical detox may provide the safest and smoothest way to detox. Vital signs, such as blood pressure, respiration levels, body temperature, and heart rate, can all be closely monitored in a medical detox center that may utilize medications to regulate brain and body functions.
Mental health professionals can also evaluate and stabilize individuals during medical detox. While there is no specific timeline for detox, as each individual will likely experience withdrawal from opiates differently, medical detox usually lasts 5-7 days.” Source
“Opioid drugs should not be stopped suddenly, without physical and emotional support and supervision, as the side effects of withdrawal may be powerful and even have dangerous complications.
Medications, such as anticonvulsants, antidepressants, and other symptom-specific pharmaceuticals, may be useful during medical detox to control the more difficult withdrawal symptoms.
Medical professionals may help an individual wean off opioid drugs by slowly lowering, or tapering, the dosage during medical detox. This keeps the opioid receptors filled and prevents the onset of severe withdrawal symptoms. Drug cravings and withdrawal as a whole may be managed by replacing a short-acting opioid like heroin with a longer-acting one such as methadone. Buprenorphine is a partial opioid agonist often used during opioid detox and dependency treatment as well, as it remains active in the body for longer than most opioids and requires a lower dosage amount. Partial agonists also do not usually create the same “high” as full agonists do, therefore making them less likely to be abused. Buprenorphine even stops being effective after a certain point, further acting as an abuse deterrent.
Naloxone and naltrexone are opioid antagonists that bind to opioid receptor sites along the central nervous system and “block” other opioids from filling them. This means that even if someone tries to take a drug like heroin while on an antagonist, the drug will not produce the desired effects and instead may cause a precipitated withdrawal syndrome to start. Precipitated withdrawal is the sudden and rapid onset of withdrawal symptoms, which can be intense and can serve to keep someone on an antagonist from attempting to abuse an opioid agonist at the same time.
Naloxone is added to buprenorphine as an inactive relapse-prevention agent in drugs like Suboxone and Zubsolv unless the drugs are altered and then abused via injection. Naltrexone products like ReVia, Depade, and Vivitrol are used more commonly to help prevent relapse after detox is completed and opioid drugs are fully removed from the brain and body. The intention of detox is to stabilize an individual dependent on opioids both emotionally and physically, and detox may use both pharmacological and psychological therapy methods to accomplish this.” Source